Detention and Ethnic Discrimination in Equatorial Guinea

The issue at hand revolves around arbitrary detentions and ethnic discrimination occurring in Equatorial Guinea.

Equatorial Guinea has a concerning track record of arbitrary detention and ethnic discrimination. The government has been accused of using the judiciary as a tool to suppress opposition and detain political critics. In some cases, detainees have been held incommunicado for months without access to legal representation or family visits. Ethnic discrimination is also prevalent, with the minority Bubi population experiencing systematic discrimination by the majority Fang group. Bubi people are excluded from political participation and access to land, while their cultural practices and language are suppressed. Furthermore, law enforcement officials have been reported to target Bubi individuals for arbitrary detention and torture. These issues have been repeatedly raised by international human rights organizations, but little progress has been made in addressing them. It is crucial for the government to take immediate action to ensure the rights and freedoms of all citizens are respected.

Detention and Ethnic Discrimination:
1. The government has frequently targeted individuals from the Bubi ethnic group without providing concrete evidence of their involvement in criminal activities. This indicates a pattern of discrimination and harassment. The arbitrary detention of people solely based on their ethnicity violates their fundamental human rights.

2.Torture and Ill-treatment: Reports of detainees being subjected to torture and ill-treatment raise serious concerns. The government’s failure to address these allegations, coupled with its history of human rights abuses, further undermines the credibility of its actions. Such practices are unacceptable and inhumane.

It is clear that the situation in Equatorial Guinea raises significant human rights concerns, particularly regarding arbitrary detention and ethnic discrimination. While national security is important, it should not be used as a justification for violating individuals’ rights. The government must provide evidence to substantiate the arrests and ensure that detainees are treated in accordance with international human rights standards. The international community should exert pressure on Equatorial Guinea to address these issues, conduct thorough investigations, and promote inclusivity and respect for all ethnic groups within the country.

It is important to advocate for justice and respect for human rights. Based on information provided by amnesty international, it can be argued that the military trial held in May 1998 did not meet international fair trial standards and that the convictions were based on confessions made under torture. This constitutes a violation of human rights and undermines the principles of justice.

The trial did not follow internationally recognized standards of fair trial, such as an impartial and independent judiciary, the right to legal counsel, and the right to a public trial. These violations make the convictions and sentences unreliable and unjust.


The Amnesty International delegation witnessed clear signs of torture on the defendants, including fractured bones and mutilation. This raises questions about the reliability of the confessions obtained under these circumstances. Torture is a violation of human rights and should not be tolerated.
After the trial, the prisoners who were initially sentenced to death had their sentences commuted to life imprisonment. However, they have been held in life-threatening conditions, lacking adequate medical treatment and food. These conditions amount to cruel, inhuman, and degrading treatment, which is another violation of their human rights.

National security concerns do not justify human rights violations: While national security is important, it should never be used as a carte blanche to violate human rights. Upholding the principles of justice and fair trial is essential in a democratic society.

The severity of the crimes does not justify torture: Regardless of the seriousness of the crimes committed, torture is a violation of human rights and should be condemned under any circumstances. There are alternative ways to obtain evidence and hold individuals accountable without resorting to torture.

Rule of law should be upheld without compromising human rights: Holding a trial is indeed a way to uphold the rule of law, but it should be done in accordance with international standards of fair trial. It is possible to maintain stability, ensure justice, and protect human rights simultaneously.

Based on the evidence presented, it is clear that the military trial held in May 1998 violated international standards of fair trial and human rights. The reliance on confessions obtained under torture, the inadequate prison conditions, and the targeting of peaceful political opponents demonstrate a disregard for basic principles of justice and democracy. It is crucial to ensure that these violations are addressed, that the prisoners receive fair treatment, and that future trials adhere to the internationally recognized standards of fair trial.